Smitty's Plan for O​rthopedic Rehabilitation & Training

Fundamental capacity screen

The Y-Balance Test allows us to quarter the body and look at how the core and each extremity functions under body weight loads. The Y-Balance Test Protocol was developed through years of research in injury prevention and identification of motor control changes that occur after injury. The test and protocols are highly accurate and can be used for measuring pre and post rehabilitation performance, improvement after performance enhancement programs, dynamic balance for fitness programs, and return to sport readiness. The Y-Balance is divided into two components:

  • Lower Quarter
  • ​Upper Quarter

For more information, please visit Functional Movement Systems website at

The Functional Movement Screen captures fundamental movements, motor control within movement patterns, and competence of basic movements uncomplicated by specific skills. It will determine the greatest areas of movement deficiency, demonstrate limitations or asymmetries, and eventually correlate these with an outcome. Once you find the greatest asymmetry or deficiency, you can use additional screens that are more precise if needed. The FMS™ is a helpful tool in proactive injury prevention that rates the following positions:

  • Deep Squat
  • Hurdle Step
  • In-Line Lunge
  • ​Shoulder Mobility
  • Active Straight Leg Raise
  • ​Trunk Stability Push-Up
  • ​Rotary Stability

Many people are able to perform a wide range of activities, yet are unable to efficiently execute the movements in the screen. Those who score poorly on the screens are using compensatory movement patterns during regular activities. If these compensations continue, sub-optimal movement patterns are reinforced, leading to poor biomechanics and possibly contributing to a future injury. For more information, please visit Functional Movement Systems website at


The Fundamental Capacity Screen quantifies the elemental resources that support human performance. Once movement health and movement function are established (Functional Movement Screen), the Fundamental Capacity Screen can take place. There are 4 domains that the screen captures: Movement Control, Postural Control, Explosive Control, and Impact Control. The Fundamental Capacity Screen consists of 14 movements that are:

  • Lower Motor Control
  • Upper Motor Control
  • Two Handed Carry at 75% Body Weight
  • ​Broad Jumps, Broad Jumps with Hands on Hips
  • Single Leg Jumps
  • Double Broad Jumps and Triple Broad Jumps
  • 2-1-2 Bounding

For more information, please visit Functional Movement Systems website at

NOTE: If pain is noted during screening, a referral to a Healthcare Provider is warranted to assess the source of the pain. 

Y-Balance Screen

Functional Movement Screen